E-cigarette Studies and Research
This page lists all the most relevant and recent e-cigarette studies and research papers and publications I could find. These studies pertain to the regulations, rules, safety, arguments, laws, policies and any other interests surrounding the issues of electronic cigarettes and the vaping industry. The information provided in these e-cigarette studies come from leading experts in particular to the medical fraternity, tobacco industry, public health and social policy.
These following links and citations contain enough information to keep you reading for hours and by doing so you will know more than most about whats going on with concerns to electronic cigarettes.
And although it is “early days” in terms of conclusive claims one way or another, I do have to say the evidence at this point tends to lean towards “safe” as opposed to “unsafe” – certainly when comparing e-cigarettes to conventional tobacco cigarettes.
“Latest In The News”
New study comes the closest yet to proving that e-cigarettes aren’t as dangerous as smoking
Many studies have shown that e-cigarettes appear to be far safer than smoking. But there’s still a big misconception that e-cigarettes are as harmful as smoking, and that could be stopping smokers who might benefit from switching to them.
E-cigarettes safer than smoking says long-term study
E-cigarettes are less toxic and safer to use compared to conventional cigarettes, according to research published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
E-cigarettes a gateway to smoking? Not likely, according to new published research
Are e-cigarettes a gateway product that lead more people, especially teens, to smoke regular cigarettes? No, according to public health researchers from the University at Buffalo and the University of Michigan writing in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
Vaping News: Do E-Cigarettes REALLY Strengthen Bacteria?
So-called studies first claimed that e-cigarettes were carcinogenic — meaning they can cause cancer. As another sensationalist vaping news story concludes that vaping can strengthen bacteria such as MRSA, we ask: how much of this is fact?
Long-term vaping ‘far safer than smoking’ says ‘landmark’ study
“Vaping has been endorsed by health experts after the first long-term study of its effects in ex-smokers,” ITV News reports.
Study titled “Benzene formation in e-cigarettes” found that air has more benzene than e-cigs
A study was recently published in the journal PLoS One, titled: “Benzene formation in e-cigarettes”. In what should be considered very fashionable in e-cigarette research, it was accompanied by a press statement discussing about the huge risks associated with benzene exposure from e-cigarettes. It is very interesting to once again see the inconsistency between the study findings and the press statement.
Sale of Nicotine e-cigarettes to be legalised in NZ – Associate Minister.
Dr Murray Laugesen backs Government move. “After 10 years of research in Christchurch I fully endorse the government’s move to legalise e-cigarettes”, he said.
I’ll say it again: E-cigarettes are still far safer than smoking
Despite evidence suggesting e-cigarettes are far less harmful than smoking, more people than ever believe them to be just as harmful. Professor Linda Bauld discusses the evidence.
A compilation of electronic cigarette studies
There are around 150 links to electronic cigarette research so it’s a great place to start learning about ecigarette studies.
Are e-cigarettes safer than tobacco? New study fires up debate
Smokers who switch to e-cigarettes can substantially reduce their intake of toxic chemicals and carcinogens, a new study reports — but only if they completely quit smoking tobacco.
EDITORIAL: A move to get steamed up about
There are still mixed signals from health authorities on vaping and a lack of robust, long-term research around a comparatively new activity.
How E-Cigarettes Affect Your Lungs: Results of an Online Survey of Users
Over 1000 vapers surveyed and the results sent to Dr Farsalinos to analyse.
Formaldehyde Fears Used To Smear E-Cigarettes Have Now Been Thoroughly Discredited
There is a clear risk that extensive and alarming reporting will have persuaded many smokers that there is little to be gained by switching to e-cigarettes, despite the emerging expert consensus that vaping is likely to be at least 20 times lower risk than smoking.
We have documented the flaws in the experiment and cancer risk calculations and in the authors’ reply to criticisms of their work, and written to the editor of NEJM requesting the retraction of the letter.
Study Finds E-Cigarettes Release Considerably Less Aldehydes Than Analogs
There has been a lot of controversy surrounding the amount of formaldehyde emitted by electronic cigarettes, which is why a team of researchers set out to test a number of e-cigarettes and measure the levels of the known carcinogenic in the produced vapor.
SIMI VALLEY, Calif., Feb. 4, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — Vapor Hub International Inc. (OTC: VHUB) (www.vapor-hub.com) CEO Kyle Winther said today that a laboratory test shows that its “Binary” eliquid product is diacetyl safe, below the industry standard of five parts per million.
Top E-Cig Studies – The Ashtray Blog
Time after time we have been told that there is no proof that ecigs are better than electronic cigarettes. In doing so, the anti-ecig lobby, often funded by competing industries, have ignored the advice and research of the very experts and scientists who are at the forefront of electronic cigarette research.
Toxicity levels in e-cigarettes 100 times lower
New research shows the e-cigarettes being smoked in New Zealand contain about 1 percent of the toxicants of ordinary cigarettes.
A ban on nicotine in e-cigarette products is under fire from a visiting health professional who says it is naïve and doing more harm than good.
The Rest of the Story: Tobacco and Alcohol News Analysis and Commentary
…Providing the whole story behind tobacco and alcohol news.
Wikipedia Discussion on Improvements to The Electronic Cigarette Article
If you want the most up to date information on what’s what with e-cigarettes then the information on this page is what you need to read.
Vaping And Formaldehyde Study Questioned.
The credibility of a current research showing high voltage vaping producing formaldehyde, a health hazard, has been questioned by Dr Konstantinos Farsalinos, which says there are several significant concerns in the way the study was executed and also the results provided. Published January 2015.
- brought in note: a Reuters article on the exact same research states one of the lead writers explained the research study could have contained a lot more context regarding relative risk, but the writers “merely wanted to get it out.”.
Ecigarettes, Vaping And Public Health (PDF).
A recap for plan makers by Clive Bates, previous Supervisor of Action on Smoking and Health (London). Mr. Bates was likewise the creator of the NGO Structure Conference Alliance, set up to assist the advancement of the WHO Structure Convention on Tobacco Control. Published February 2015.
Electronic Cigarettes Reliable for Cigarette smoking Cessation.
A systematic review of six research studies, including 2 randomised regulated trials, wrapped up 18 % of 1,242 participants stated smoking cigarettes cessation after utilizing e-cigarettes having pure nicotine for a minimal duration of 6 months. Vaping was likewise reliable in lowering cigarette smokers’ daily cigarette intake. Released December 2014.
New Study Shows Vaping Not A Portal To Smoking cigarettes.
In a study of 1300 undergraduate students in the USA, simply 3 had actually taken up smoking cigarettes after utilizing electronic cigarettes as their introduction to nicotine. Published December 2014.
Health Survey For England: Ecigs And also Vaping (PDF).
Recently published results from the Health Study for England state 3 per cent of grownups were currently using e-cigarettes (vapourisers) in 2013. The Study additionally located little evidence of ecigarette uptake by non-smokers. Among men, 29 % of existing smokers, 6 % of ex-smokers and simply 1 % of never cigarette smokers had ever utilised ecigs as well as the proportions were similar for women. Released December 2014.
Gateway Myth Busted?
Issues of vapor cigarettes being a gateway to cigarette smoking might be unproven suggests data from the UK’s Workplace for National Stats. Fewer compared to one in 300 vapers that have never smoked are using ecigarettes. Published Nov 2014.
Vaping And Nicotine.
Lecturer Peter Killeen is a behavioural neuroscientist. In this video clip, he reviews vaping, pure nicotine and its connection to cigarette smoking and asserts lots of presumptions made by researchers over the years about the addictive nature of nicotine are wrong. Posted November 2014.
Ecigarette Carcinogen Information Misleading.
Dr Konstantinos Farsalinos deals with the media craze about an exaggerated research executed by Japanese analyst Lecturer Naoki Kunugita concerning health hazards in ecigarette vapour. Released November 2014.
- Included note: the UK’s Daily Mail initially released an article stating this study discovered e-cigarettes have 10 times more carcinogens compared to tobacco cigarettes. The Daily Mail has considering that published a retraction (discovered at the end of the article).
- The Daily Mail now claims “The research sustains existing proof that e-cigarettes are much less risky compared to tobacco products.”.
United States Senior High School Student Ecig Use.
Present usage of just e-cigarettes was 0.6 % among high college pupils; showing maybe that smoking students are looking for a less hazardous choice. Released Nov 2014.
Efficiency Of The E cigarette.
A small research study has found second-generation vapor cigarettes to be instantly and very efficient in lessening cigarette yearning and withdrawal signs. Released October 2014.
Trends In Ecigarette Awareness (AU/UK).
73 % of UK participants in this research study stated their ecigarettes consisted of nicotine as did 43 % in Australia, even though the sale, belongings and/or usage of nicotine-containing ecigs is prohibited in Australia. (Abstract – published October 2014).
A Longitudinal Research of E cigarette Usage.
According to this research study by researchers at the Center for Questionnaire Research, University of Massachusetts Boston; intensive users of e-cigarettes were 6 times as likely as non-users/triers to state they quit smoking. Daily usage of electric cigarettes for at least one month was highly linked with giving up cigarette smoking at follow up. (Abstract) Released October 2014.
Numerous Factors Affecting Ecigarette Nicotine Yield.
This research study located depending upon puff conditions and also item features, 15 puffs from a personal vaporizer can recommend much less or far more nicotine than a solitary tobacco cigarette. Influences can be predicted well by an algebraic version of the appropriate physics. Published September 2014.
Diacetyl, Acetyl Propionyl And Eliquids.
Summary notes on a study assessing the presence of diacetyl and acetyl propionyl in e cig fluids. Published September 2014.
Ecig Related Fires Unusual (PDF).
More than 2.5 million Americans are using vapor cigarettes, however a paper from the united state Fire Management states happenings involving fires and explosions are unusual. Only 25 cases were tape-recorded in between 2009 and also 2014 as well as of those, 52 % were identified as “small fire spread”. Published October 2014.
Particle Metals And also Organic Compounds.
With the exception of nickel, silver and also zinc, using e-cigarettes shows an impressive decline in secondhand exposure to all steels as well as organic substances baseding on this study. For Ni, Zi and Ag; the record says implementing quality assurance procedures would certainly further reduce the emission of metals. Published August 2014.
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (PDF).
A report from WHO analyzing what it states is arising proof on the wellness impacts of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use. It says ecigs “stand for an evolving frontier, filled upped with assurance and threat for tobacco control”. It additionally specifies, “The proof as well as referrals presented in this record are therefore subject to rapid change”. Published August 2014.
- NOTE: This report has actually been criticised by Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos, which claims the organisation continues to “keep an overcautious technique as well as present prejudiced proof”. Clive Bates says it is a reasonable enhancement on WHO’s previous fanatic views, but still includes an extremely disproportionate regulative response. Instructor Gerry Stimson, Emeritus Professor at Imperial University London, states THAT is again overemphasizing the threats of e-cigarettes.
Breaking The Ecig ‘Gateway’ Misconception.
A current research study gone over in Australian Medication states smokeless cigarette usage is connected with smoking cigarettes decrease as well as usage of smokeless cigarettes by non-smokers is rare not simply rare, but no movement from vaping to smoking has actually been recorded. Released August 2014.
Performance Of Ecigs In Stopping Smoking.
A cross-sectional populace research study (5863 people) of the efficiency of e-cigarettes as a quit smoking cigarettes aid has discovered ecig users were most likely to maintain abstinence compared to either those that used various other nicotine replacement therapies or no help. Published August 2014.
Briefing On Ecigarettes For Policy Makers.
A rundown on e-cigarettes and relevant policy concerns by Clive Bates, which was recently involved with ASH (Action on Smoking and Health). In the UK. Mr. Bates explains vaping could conserve as much as a billion lives in the 21st Century. Released July 2014.
Ecig Benefits Outweigh Prospective Harm.
A Queen Mary College (UK) research study has actually discovered that regardless of gaps in expertise, current evidence concerning e-cigarettes doesn’t validate the gadgets being more purely controlled than, or perhaps as purely as, tobacco cigarettes. The research offers proof from 115 recommendations. Published July 2014.
Medical Professionals Attitudes In the direction of Vaping.
Two thirds physicians surveyed last year really felt vapor cigarettes are a helpful aid for cigarette smoking cessation and also 35 % advised them to their patients. Released July 2014.
ECF Big Questionnaire 2014 Results.
Information from a survey of more than 10,000 vapers performed by Electronic Cigarette Online Forum (ECF) is slowly being launched. The 75 question survey study had a 97 % completion price. Released July 2014.
Eliquids And Inhalation Contaminants (PDF).
A summary of a research headed by by Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos evaluating sweet-flavored eliquids for the existence of Diacetyl and also Acetyl Propionyl. Published June 2014.
Ecigarettes As well as The Bullshit Assymmetry Concept.
Commenting on an instead fascinating research study announcing ecigarettes as a source of ‘thirdhand’ direct exposure to nicotine (and also a rather small source at that), Clive Bates uses the ‘Bullshit Assymetry Concept’. Clive Bates has actually previously collaborated with ASH– Action on Smoking as well as Wellness. Released September 2014.
Glantz Letter “Misleading, Without Scientific Foundation”.
A letter to the Globe Health Organisation in May (see earlier entry here) signed by 53 nicotine professionals and wellness experts was criticised by anti-ecig crusader Stanton Glantz as well as a variety of others. The 53 original signatories have returned fire; deconstructing Glantz’s arguments. Released June 2014.
Myocardial Function – Tobacco vs. Ecigarettes (PDF).
A current research study discovered that while cigarette smoking induces a hold-up in myocardial leisure, ecig use had no immediate results. Published June 2014.
Effects Of E-cigarette Use On Breathed out Nitric Oxide.
A study just recently published in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology that wrapped up based on nitric oxide (FeNO) degrees, e-cigarettes are not safer compared to tobacco cigarettes and lung function suffers has actually been labelled “totally incorrect and arbitrary” by Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos. Published June 2014.
E-Cigarette Vs. Nicotine Inhaler.
A research study comparing e-cigarettes with nicotine inhalers in regards to regarded advantages, harms, appeal, as well as role in stopping has actually found more topics would utilize ecigs to make a stopped effort. Vaping devices acquired a considerably higher complete fulfillment rating compared to inhalers. Published May 2014.
Statement From Experts In Nicotine Science And also Public Policy (PDF).
Loads of health and wellness specialists, including Australia’s Dr. Coral Gartner, have signed an open letter to Dr Margaret Chan, the Supervisor General of the Globe Health Organisation (WHO) with their problems regarding the body neglecting the significance of tobacco harm reduction techniques such the use as electronic cigarettes. Published Could 2014.
ASH Scotland E-cigarette Briefing (PDF).
ASH Scotland existing views on vaping and also ecigarettes. Released May 2014.
Ecigarettes Boost Quitting Success Rates.
A survey carried out by University College London has discovered smokers are approximately 60 % more likely to report doing well giving up cigarette smoking if they utilize e-cigarettes compared to if they utilise discipline alone or nicotine replacement treatments such as patches or gum. Released May 2014 in the journal Obsession.
High Voltage Vaping As well as Carbonyl Materials.
A recent research measured twelve carbonyl materials in ecig vapors where electric battery output voltage was gradually boosted from 3.2 to 4.8 V. It discovered vapour did consist of some toxic as well as cancer causing carbonyl materials; but these varied between eliquids and went to a lot reduced levels than cigarette smoke when reduced voltages are utilised. High voltages dramatically raised hazardous substances. Released May 2014.
Ecigs Not An Entrance To Kid Smoking (PDF).
In one more report commissioned by Hygienics England, the writers state they could possibly not reveal any sort of evidence to suggest that non cigarette smoking children that attempted e-cigarettes were most likely to after that try tobacco. Released May 2014.
Formaldehyde Release In E-cigarette Vapor.
A research to be released in Nicotine and also Tobacco Research study mentions electronic cigarette vapor can be the source of health hazards, yet the adversary is in the detail according to Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos. Released May 2014.
E-Cigarette Recognition and Viewed Harmfulness.
A research on recognition and also regarded harmfulness of ecigarettes among UNITED STATE grownups has located 77 % of participants recognized e-cigarettes and off this, only 51 % believed e-cigarettes were less dangerous compared to cigarettes. The research was published in American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Might 2014. (The study results have caused concern in the vaping community as well as among some pro-vaping health experts that misinformation campaigns are having an influence on public assumption).
Safety And Risk Analysis Of Electronic Cigarettes.
An organized testimonial by Dr. Konstantinos E. Farsalinos and also Riccardo Polosa states currently offered proof shows vapor cigarettes are by far a less harmful option to cigarette smoking and substantial health and wellness perks are expected in cigarette smokers who make the switch from tobacco to ecigs. Released April 2014.
Use Of Electronic Cigarettes In Great Britain (PDF).
An ASH questionnaire shows electronic cigarette usage amongst adults in Britain has actually tripled over the past 2 years as well as baseding on the connected research study’s lead writer (and as with the research that follows this product); there is no evidence to suggest ecigarettes are renormalizing smoking. Published April 2014.
A Longitudinal Study Of Ecig Users.
A research study has concluded e cigarettes might contribute to regression avoidance in former smokers and also smoking cessation in present cigarette smokers. It additionally found in dual users who were still smoking at the point of follow-up had actually reduced their tobacco cigarette consumption by 5.3 cigarettes a day. Published January 2014.
Trends In Ecig Use In England (PPT).
A research study by scientists from College University London.
has actually located using ecigarettes by those which have never ever smoked is negligible. Evidence additionally suggests ecigs are not ‘renormalizing’ smoking – and they might be adding to a decrease in smoking cigarettes frequency. Published April 2014.
Ecigs Among The Least Harmful Nicotine Delivery Systems.
A research study that sought to estimate the injury level of different forms of pure nicotine delivery systems ranked cigarettes as the most unsafe (general heavy rating of ONE HUNDRED) as well as ENDS (electronic nicotine distribution systems) were ranked among the least dangerous. Released in European Addiction Research study, April 2014.
Ecigs A “Much Safer Source Of Nicotine” (PDF).
A record commissioned by Public Health England mentions smokeless cigarettes offer “vast prospective health and wellness benefits”, yet calls for appropriate rule, cautious monitoring, and also threat management. “Nonetheless the opportunity to harness this capacity right into hygienics plan, going well with alreadying existing comprehensive tobacco command plans, need to not be missed out on.” Published May 2014.
Glycerol Does Not Trigger Lipoid Pneumonia.
In March 2014, one more tale began doing the rounds of the media connecting to a person that had contracted lipoid pneumonia and glycerol based eliquids were indicated as the perpetrator. Dr. Konstantin Farasalinos specifics why glycerol could not cause lipoid pneumonia.
AASCP Position Statement (PDF).
In a position statement released by the Australian Association of Smoking Cigarettes Cessation Professionals (AASCP), the body recommends some assistance for ecigarettes and also states the decision to utilise the gadgets “concerns the individual cigarette smoker, that need to weigh up the danger and benefits as well as decide for their circumstances.” It additionally states there is no proof to sustain concerns ecigs are an entrance to smoking cigarettes or normalise cigarette smoking. Released April 2014.
Nicotine Not The Fantastic Satan?
It appears several of nicotine’s bad track record might be unfounded. As has actually been assumed for some time, it seems it’s a mix of chemicals that make tobacco so addictive – actually it’s been revealed to be “virtually impossible” to get laboratory animals hooked on pure nicotine on its own. Naturally, humans might be another story; but perhaps the level of addiction is amplified when nicotine is consumed by smoking cigarettes. Furthermore, nicotine likewise appears to have some healing properties. Published March 2014.
Royal College Of Physicians’ Position.
Switching completely from tobacco to e-cigarettes accomplishes similar with regard to health as does stopping smoking cigarettes and all nicotine use entirely states the Royal College Of Physicians. The body goes on to say also in the absence of policy, the risks to ecig individuals and also others is low. Published March 2014.
“A Moral As well as Ethical Obligation” To Supply Ecigarettes.
In an open letter released on The Montreal Gazette; the medical director of the Smoking Cessation Facility at the Montreal Chest Institute and also other health specialists have articulated their support for the permission of the sale of ecigs in Canada. In his letter, Dr. Gaston Ostiguy mentions states there is a “ethical and also moral obligation to supply these devices to addicted cigarette smokers.”.
Ecig Gateway Impact Claims Deconstructed.
A research study by Lecturer Stanton Glantz as well as Dr Lauren Dutra on teen smoking as well as ecig use has been completely unmasked by Clive Bates, that called the file “untrue, harmful and also misleading”. Mr. Bates was recently supervisor of Activity on Smoking and also Health and wellness (ASH-UK). Released March 2014.
Impact Of EU Restriction On Greater Nicotine E-cigarettes On Smoking. (PDF).
The EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD), which will restrict nicotine eliquid degrees to 20mg/ml, will inhibit using e-cigarettes says a record from London Economics. It approximates the TPD will lead to the deaths of an additional 105,000 people a year in Europe. Published February 2014.
Real-World Efficiency Of Electronic cigarettes: A Populace Research.
This research study found e-cigarette individuals were more likely still to be abstinent compared to either those that used NRT (Nicotine Replacement Therapies) got over-the-counter or utilised no help at all. Released February 2014 (abstract).
Ecigs Help Asthmatic Cigarette Smokers.
A research study of asthmatic cigarette smokers has actually found those that utilized electronic cigarettes on a regular basis revealed subjective and objective improvements in asthma outcomes, and goes on to state: “This research study shows that e cigarettes can be a legitimate choice for asthmatic patients who could not quit smoking by various other methods.” Released in International Diary of Environmental Study and also Public Health, May 2014.
Pollutants In Ecig Eliquids And Workplace Wellness Risks (PDF).
A research that assessed important information on chemistry of ecig aerosols and also eliquids found no evidence to suggest vaping generates inhalable direct exposures to contaminants that validate concerns relating to the health and safety of work environments. Published January 2014.
Links to other websites with/and recently published reputable studies and reports are listed below.